Get Your Final Year Project Topic and Materials: AN EXAMINATION OF ADMINISTRATIVE CHALLENGES INHIBITING THE DISTRIBUTION OF PETROLEUM PRODUCTS UNDER THE PETROLEUM PROFIT TAX LAWS OF NIGERIA

Wednesday, October 4, 2017

AN EXAMINATION OF ADMINISTRATIVE CHALLENGES INHIBITING THE DISTRIBUTION OF PETROLEUM PRODUCTS UNDER THE PETROLEUM PROFIT TAX LAWS OF NIGERIA

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ABSTRACT







The aim of this paper is to examine the ownership, the legal framework as well as the basic
components of the petroleum profits which components are revenue, adjusted profits,
assessable profit, chargeable profit, assessable tax and chargeable tax.In Nigeria, the
petroleum industry is the bedrock of the economy and is responsible for about 90 percent of
her total revenue. Her other sources of revenue include, inter alia, agriculture, solid
minerals, goods and services and most importantly taxes collected from various sources
including the petroleum industry. Companies and corporations in Nigeria are taxed
principally under the Companies Income Tax Act. Cap 60, Laws of the Federation of Nigeria,
1990.. While companies engaged in petroleum operations are taxed specially under the
Petroleum Profit Tax Act, as amended (PPTA Cap.354, LFN, 1990). Because of the peculiar
and complicated nature of the oil industry, the Federal Board of Inland Revenue (FBIR) is
saddled with the onerous task of collecting taxes from the various companies including those
engaged in the oil business.This project will examine the petroleum profit taxation system
established under the PPTA, with a view to assessing whether or not it is effective in dealing
with the myriad of problems associated with the financial areas of the oil industry
particularly the problem of tax evasion on the part of some companies and deliberate
fraudulent and incorrect assessment of the tax due and payable on petroleum profits by
others.This paper also focuses on the assessment of the petroleum profit tax under the
Petroleum Profit Tax Act. Cap P13, Laws of Federation of Nigeria 2004, as well as judicial
authorities‟ regarding same. Nigeria‟s economy is totally dependent on oil.It is no doubt that
proceeds from the sale of crude oil holds the mainstay of the Nigerian economy since
1970s.equally not in contention is the fact that oil explorations and exploitation requires
enormous amount of money and technological know-how to execute.This paper also
concludes that petroleum profit tax is one of the most important components direct taxes in
Nigeria that affects the economic growth, therefore should be properly managed to reduce
the level of evasion by petroleum exploration companies in Nigeria. The paper recommends
among others that companies involved in petroleum operations should be properly
supervised by the relevant tax authority (FIRS) to reduce the level of tax evasion, government
should show more accountability in the management of tax revenue and finally, the level of
corruption in Nigeria and that of government officials should be drastically reduced to win
the confidence of tax payers for voluntary tax compliance. More so, government policy
should create a conducive-business environment that will attract foreign investors to the
country.

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